By Michael T. Romano, MD, FAAD | Dermatology
According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), acne affects nearly 50 million Americans every year. Acne is considered a skin disease of the pilosebaceous unit, which is the skin pore and associated hair follicle/oil complex.
While acne typically affects adolescents and young adults, it can begin and even worsen for adults in their 30s, 40s and 50s. Acne will typically resolve itself, but it can take years to decades to completely dissipate.
Acne is caused by five main factors:
Acne can be treated through a variety of over-the-counter and prescription topical and systemic medications. Mild to moderate acne is often treated with various antibiotic and retinoid lotions, creams, and gels. More severe cases are managed with pills, including antibiotics, birth control, spironolactone, and isotretinoin. It is important to treat acne early and effectively to prevent permanent scarring.
Tips to keep your skin healthy and prevent acne:
Make an appointment to see a dermatologist if your acne is persistent, scarring, or severe. It is important to remember that treating acne often takes two to three months before significant results can be seen. Please be patient!