Cancer is a disease that occurs when cells in the body begin to divide at a faster rate than the body requires. These rapidly dividing cells grow into a lump that is known as a tumor. The tumor can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). There are more than 100 types of cancer, including breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and lymphoma. Cancer symptoms vary depending on the type. Treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery. Learn more about cancer types, risk factors, diagnosis and treatment.
One of the biggest concerns about a cancer diagnosis is whether the cancer has spread (metastasized) beyond its original location. To determine this, the doctor assigns a number (I through IV) to your diagnosis. The higher the number, the more the cancer has spread throughout your body. This is called “staging.” The doctor needs this information in order to plan your treatment.
Many factors can cause the development of cancer in the body. Some of these factors, such as heredity (family members who have the disease) cannot be avoided. Others, such as lifestyle, can be controlled.
For instance, the use of tobacco is one of the main causes of cancer, especially lung cancer. Tobacco use, whether in the form of smoking, chewing, or exposure to second-hand smoke (smoking by others), can also cause cancer of the mouth and larynx, esophagus, throat, and many other parts of the body.
Other primary causes of cancer include:
If your doctor thinks you might have cancer, he or she will examine you and might order certain tests, including:
If you believe you have any of the above cancer symptoms you should see your healthcare provider. For more information on cancer types and treatment at CareMount Medical, visit https://www.caremountmedical.com/care-and-services/oncology/
To make an appointment with our CareMount Medical cancer care team, call 1-844-484-3292, or book your appointment online.